One of the most common misconceptions about Roma Gypsies today is that they come from Romania in Eastern Europe, but the Roma people and the nation of Romania are not at all related. Historically, the Roma people originate from the Punjab region of Northern India. When they were displaced from their homeland a thousand years ago, they were called “Gypsies” because Europeans mistakenly believed they came from Egypt. Today the largest Romani populations in the world are found in the United States and Brazil, which has been twice been led by a president of Roma gypsy origin, one of which is considered among Brazil’s best presidents. Romani people living in France are known in spoken French as “Roms”, “gitans” or “manouches” and up to 400,000 are believed to reside in the country. At least 12,000 of those people live in unofficial urban camps. One of France’s national treasures, Django Reinhardt, was a Belgian-born Romani-French musician who spent most of his youth in Romani encampments close to Paris, where he started playing the violin, banjo and guitar. He was the first jazz talent to emerge from Europe and remains regarded as one of the greatest musicians of the twentieth century.